Daniel Chapter 11
Daniel 11 will not be discussed in its entirety as Daniel 11:5-34 is dealing with the past; only Daniel 11:35-45 will be considered. The struggles and the conflicts between the kings of the north and the kings of the south, with the nation of Israel right in the middle of
them, lasted for centuries. As the kings of the south and the kings of the north made war on one another, Israel could tell by the scenario given them in this chapter where they were in the stream of time culminating with the "abomination that makes desolate" (Dan. 11:31) which took place in AD 70.
Yahushua had forewarned His disciples, as found in Matthew 24:15, of that coming event and what to do when they saw it take place. "When you therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso reads, let him understand:) then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountain: let him which is on the housetop not come down to take anything out of his house: neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes. And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! But pray that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the Sabbath day" (Matt. 24:15-20). When a Roman army commanded by General Cestius surrounded Jerusalem, Elohim's people understood that this was the fulfillment of Yahushua's words. When the time presented itself when that army withdrew from surrounding Jerusalem, the followers of Yahushua Messiah fled and supposedly without one Christian dying when General Titus returned with his army and took the city and destroyed it together with the Temple in AD 70 as had been foretold in Daniel 9:26.
In Daniel 11:36, a new king is introduced into the scenario of Daniel 11. We are not told whether he is the king of the north or the king of the south or neither. Daniel 11:35 changes the time being described from the distant past "to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed."
Please notice the many pronouns being used in this section of Scripture, all of which point back to "the king" first mentioned in verse 36. "And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvelous things against the Elohim of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that is determined shall be done. Neither shall he regard the Elohim of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. But in his estate shall he honor the god of forces and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honor with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain. And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land [the land of Israel], and many countries: and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away [‘annihilate' NAS, NIV] many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him" (Dan. 11:36-45, emphasis added).
Daniel was told to "shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end" (Daniel 12:4). We are now approaching "the time of the end" and Elohim, as He has promised, is opening to our understanding the "truth" ("present truth" [2 Pet. 1:12]) we need to know and understand as we live during these awesome times of earth's final days before the return of Yahushua. "For the words are closed up and sealed [Will not be understood.] till the time of the end" (Daniel 12:9). The fact that we are now beginning to correctly understand the truths contained in Daniel is proof we are living in "the time of the end." Elohim works on a need-to-know basis; no preceding generation needed to know what is in the book of Daniel dealing with “the time of the end” and what is in the book of Revelation.
"And the king shall do according to his will" (Dan. 11:36, emphasis added). Who is this king? To whom do all the pronouns of this portion of Scripture point? Is he the king of the north, the king of the south, or neither? Have we by this time in our studies together, come across any other king?
"And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon [destroyer], but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon [destroyer]" (Rev. 9:11, emphasis added).
"And in the latter time of their kingdom, when transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up" (Dan. 8:23, emphasis added).
In our studies of Revelation 9:11 and Daniel 8:23, both of these kings were identified as Satan. Does it make sense that "the king" found in Daniel 11:36 is also Satan? In Isaiah 14:4, Satan is also identified as "the king of Babylon” (emphasis added). Is there any mention of Babylon in Revelation? The Bible interprets itself! He "shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished" . . . "yet he [‘the king'] shall come to his end, and none shall help him" (Dan. 11:36, 45).
Because the preceding portions of Daniel 11 had the kings of the north and the kings of the south fighting against one another, many have continued that line of thinking without taking into consideration the addition into the mix of "the king" in verse thirty-six and what it tells us in verse 35 that "even to the time of the end." In nearly every discussion of Daniel 11:36-45 I have read, this "king" of Daniel 11:36 is identified as the "king of the north," but nothing in the Scriptures supports that view. It is just pure speculation. Is it just possible that is not the correct understanding? In Daniel 11:40, we read, "And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind" (emphasis added). Are the kings of the south and the north pushing at and coming against "the king" mentioned in Daniel 11:36? And it is at "the time of the end" (Dan. 11:35) when this is occurring and has not occurred in the past.
Fifteen pronouns were used in verses 36 through 39 to describe "the king" of Daniel 11:36 and what he will be doing. There are fifteen references to "the king" of Daniel 11:36 in those four verses using the pronouns "he," "his," and "himself." In verse 40, "the king of the south" pushes "at him" and the "king of the north" comes "against him like a whirlwind." Why cannot both of them ("him") in verse 40 refer back to "the king" in verse 36 as all the other pronouns do in this portion of Scripture?
Thirty pronouns, in all, are found in verses 36 through 45, and all refer back to "the king" first mentioned in Daniel 11:36. It would be inconsistent with taking the two pronouns used in verse 40 and not see them as referring back to that king first mentioned in verse 36 also, would it not?
This "king" exalts himself, magnifies himself, and speaks marvelous things "against the Elohim of gods." Like the "little horn" which we discovered in our study of Daniel 8 was Satan, this king in Daniel 11:36 and the one mentioned in Daniel 8:11 magnify themselves against Elohim or the "Prince of the host," Yahushua.
There are four portions of Daniel and Revelation dealing with Satan when he appears on the earth, and each scenario describes different aspects taking place during that time. We saw him portrayed in Revelation 9 tormenting those who had not been sealed; in Daniel 8, we saw him destroying "the mighty and the holy people" of Elohim. In Revelation 13, we saw him implementing the "mark of the beast." Now here in Daniel 11:35-45, we see him involved in a war with the king of the south and the king of the north and setting up "the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain," Mt. Zion. Daniel and Revelation are talking about the same things with each one adding to or complementing the other's scenario. The war being described in verse 40 will be the last great battle to take place before the return of Yahushua.
"And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand [200,000,000]: and I heard the number of them [no symbolism used in this number]. And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. By these three was the third part of men killed, by fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths. For their power was in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt" (Rev. 9:16-19, emphasis added).
This passage describes Satan and his army and what they will do. Up until this time, Satan and his confederate angels had not been permitted to kill any of humanity. "And to them was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months" (Rev. 9:5, emphasis added). Why are they now able to kill a third of humanity?
Humanity suffered greatly during the five months that Satan had been permitted to "torment" those who were not sealed, and in retaliation, humanity declares war on Satan and his forces as seen in Daniel 11:40. Satan and his angels defend themselves with terrible results to humanity. Many worship Satan, but just as Satan rose up in rebellion against Elohim's rightful rule, so humanity rises up against Satan. Humanity has learned well the lessons the arch-rebel has taught them.
One-third of the remaining inhabitants of the earth are killed in this war. Taken together with what is described in Revelation 6:8 where one-fourth of earth's population is killed during the first four trumpets, and you end up with one-half of the earth's original population remaining alive after this war. If the population of planet Earth at the beginning of the time of trouble is eight billion and then subtract one-fourth of eight billion, six billion remain. If one-third of humanity is killed during this war, you have two billion fewer, which brings us to four billion of earth's inhabitants still alive after the sounding of the sixth trumpet or one-half of the earth's population before the "time of trouble" began.
Jeremiah had warned Israel and the surrounding nations not to fight against ancient Babylon. He wore a yoke of wood to show them that they were to submit to the king of Babylon. In spite of Jeremiah's best efforts, the yoke of wood was torn from him, and the people paid no heed to his counsel. He told them that because they had listened to the false prophets and would fight against Babylon that they would wear a yoke of iron. Babylon then devastated Israel and the surrounding countries because Israel and those neighboring countries did not submit to Babylon (Jeremiah chapters 27 and 28). If they had surrendered to Babylon as Jeremiah had counseled them to do, Jerusalem would not have been destroyed, and its inhabitants' lives would have been spared.
The 144,000 will be warning the people to submit to Satan and his angels rather than fight against them, but it looks as though that will have been to no avail. This does not mean that they should accept the "mark of the beast [Satan]" or worship the "image of the beast." The people are not to fight against Satan as the king of the south, and the king of the north and their armies will do. From what is pictured, the people will not listen to Elohim's servants, the 144,000, but they will be looking to the false prophets, who have been opposing the 144,000, and will follow their counsel.
When you consider all that has occurred during the sounding of the first six trumpets (Rev. 8:5-12 and chapter 9), you would think that it would have affected the attitude of the people. We read in Revelation 9:20-21, "And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts" (emphasis added).
Nothing that has happened has brought about any change in the lives of the remaining four billion of earth's inhabitants. Yes, there will be “a great multitude" that we met in Revelation 7:9-17 who will have made their decision to come to Elohim on His terms and will be redeemed. But the vast majority of humanity will join the Devil in "the lake of fire" (Rev. 20:14-15), to be burnt up and become ashes on which Elohim's redeemed will walk (Mal. 4:1-3, Eze. 28:18).
Elohim will not be confining those who reject His offers of mercy and salvation to suffering throughout eternity, but He will do the merciful thing and put them out of their misery forever. "There is no peace, saith my Elohim, to the wicked" (Isa. 57:21). When people do not have peace of mind, they are miserable beings. The doctrine of eternal hellfire was invented by Satan to turn humanity against Elohim, and this doctrine has been incorporated into many religious systems, including that of Christianity. This will be discussed in later chapters and in Appendix B. On my web site I have a study on Hell, the Slanderous Lie of Satan.
The groundwork for this heaven-insulting teaching and Elohim-slandering doctrine was laid in the Garden of Eden when Satan told Adam and Eve that they would not die (Gen. 3:4) in contradiction to what Elohim had told them (Gen. 2:17). As a result of accepting this blasphemous teaching of eternal hellfire, many have come to hate Elohim. This teaching is more in line with the cruel and brutal nature of Satan, who invented such a lie. It gives us insight into his character and what he would do if he were in control. This teaching is entirely out of character with Elohim's nature, Who has described Himself as "merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands [actually millions], forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin" (Ex. 34:6-7).
In the scenario in Daniel 11:35-45, this king, Satan, "shall enter also into the glorious land . . . and he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain" (Dan. 11:41, 45, emphasis added).
In Ezekiel 28:2, we read, "Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus [Satan], Thus saith Yahuwah Elohim; because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a god, I sit in the seat of Elohim, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not Elohim, though thou set thine heart as the heart of Elohim" (emphasis added).
"Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called Elohim, or that is worshipped; so that he [Satan] as Elohim sits in the temple of Elohim, showing himself that he is Elohim" (2 Thess. 2:4, emphasis added).
"For thou [Satan] hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of Elohim: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north" (Isa. 14:13, emphasis added). It has always been the Devil's desire to sit on the throne of Elohim, and he does the next best thing in his mind and establishes his throne in Jerusalem. "Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city [Jerusalem] of the great King" (Ps. 48:2, emphasis added).
When he sets up his throne in Jerusalem, this will be the "abomination that makes desolate" foretold in Daniel 12:11. His throne will be on the ground where Elohim had placed His temple, and wherever the presence of Elohim has been manifested is holy ground. "And Moses said, I will now turn aside to see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. And when Yahuwah saw that he turned aside to see, Elohim called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. And He said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground" (Ex. 3:3-5, emphasis added). What could be a more blasphemous abomination than Satan exalting himself as Elohim? Satan has been setting up humanity to come and worship him at this time. He has perverted the understanding of the Scriptures to suit his diabolical schemes.
In speaking of Messiah, Isaiah 9:6-7 reads: "For unto us a child is born, unto us a Son is given: and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon His kingdom, to order it with judgment and justice from henceforth even forever. The zeal of Yahuwah of hosts will perform this" (emphasis added). If Israel had accepted Messiah when He came the first time there was another plan that would have been carried forward, but they crucified Messiah, and another plan was put into effect. This was discussed in the chapter on Daniel 9:24-27.
Satan has led the world to believe that the one-thousand-year millennium will take place here on this earth. When Satan sets up his throne in Jerusalem, the people of the earth will be deceived into believing there will be peace on planet Earth for the next one thousand years and many will come to worship him. Many are looking for Messiah to return to this earth and set up His throne in Jerusalem. When this abomination (Satan impersonating Messiah and setting up his throne in Jerusalem claiming that he is Elohim) takes place, it will be declared to be the beginning of the 1,000 years of peace. "For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction comes upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape" (1 Thess. 5:3, emphasis added). "And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world" (Rev. 12:9, emphasis added). He has worked his delusions and deceptions on humanity to bring them to this point in time when earth's inhabitants will worship him as their Messiah.
When the Roman army set up its standard on holy ground prior to AD 70, the followers of Messiah remaining in Jerusalem escaped for their lives at the earliest possible time. When Satan sets up his throne in Jerusalem, it will signal the faithful followers of Elohim that the real Yahushua Messiah is about to return. “And as He [Yahushua] sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?” (Matt. 24:3, emphasis added). The day Satan sets up his throne in Jerusalem will be on the 1,290th day (Dan. 12:11) since the first global earthquake described in Revelation 8:5 and will signal that Yahushua is about to return.
After Daniel tells us about Satan setting up his tabernacles in "the glorious holy mountain" in Daniel 11:45, we find these words of cheer: "Yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him." Satan has heard of "tidings out of the east" for that is the direction from where Yahushua shall come when He returns!
In response to this heaven-insulting act, "the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, and blasphemed the Elohim of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds" (Rev. 16:10-11, emphasis added).
The scenes pictured for us in Revelation 17 and 18 are what take place during the sixth plague mentioned in Revelation 16:12. These describe the judgment of Babylon, the New World Order, by Satan and his ten confederate angels whom he appoints as kings in place of the New World Order. Their reign is very short; "one hour" (Rev. 17:12). This is not prophetic or literal time but is an indication of how short of a reign Satan and his cohorts will have. When we say "just a minute," we do not mean an exact minute but a short time, and so it is with "one hour." Like "just a minute" the "one hour" is a figure of speech used to denote a short amount of time.
Satan will set up his throne in Jerusalem on the twelve hundred and ninetieth day since the beginning of the "time of trouble" (Dan. 12:1) and is referred to as "the abomination that makes desolate" (Dan. 12:11). This will also bring to an end the “forty and two months" of the New World Order being in power (Rev. 13:1-5, 11:2).
1. Who is the king mentioned in Daniel 11:36?
2. Who will attack him?
3. Where will this king set up his throne?
4. Will he have an everlasting reign?