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If you find the truth, will you believe it?

If any man desires to do God's will, he will have the needed illumination to recognize, and can tell for himself whether the teaching is from God or whether I am speaking from myself and on my own accord.  John 7:17 

  THREE DAYS         AND        THREE NIGHTS

“Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from Thee.  But He [Yahushua-Jesus] answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation         

seeketh after a sign:  and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas [Jonah]:  For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man [Yahushua] be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth [The meaning of the 'heart' used in Matthew 12:40 is 'the middle or the inner part, as the heart is in relation to the breast.' So the phrase 'in the heart of the earth' means 'in the inner part of the earth, the grave.']” (Matthew 12: 38-40).

Even though throughout His ministry, Yahushua had done many things that no man without Elohim could have done, yet the Jews asked for another sign that He was who He said He was.  Unbelief will always find an excuse for not believing, no matter how much evidence is given in support of the truth.  Here Yahushua tells the scribes and the Pharisees that the only sign which will be given to them is that He will be in the tomb for three days and three nights and then be resurrected.

After Yahushua was buried, the scribes and Pharisees remembered what Yahushua had said to them and went to Pilate and received a band of soldiers to guard the tomb.  “The chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.  Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night, and steal Him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead:  so the last error shall be worse than the first.  Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch:  go your way, make it as sure as ye can.  So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch” (Matthew 27:62-66).

This is in contrast to the disciples who were mourning over their loss and didn’t remember the words of Yahushua.  When the women who had gone to the tomb and were perplexed not to find Yahushua still in the tomb met the “two men stood by them in shining garments: and they [the women] were so afraid, and bowed their faces to the earth, they [the angels] said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen:  remember how He spoke unto you when He was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.  And they remembered His words” (Luke 24:5-8, emphasis added).

And when those women “returned from the sepulcher, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest . . . and their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not” (Luke 24:9, 11).

It was not only Thomas who had a hard time believing without seeing, but all the disciples did not remember what Yahushua had told them about being crucified and being in the grave for three days and three nights.  And today do we have a hard time understanding this great truth also?  One of the main reasons we have such a difficult time with this is that we have received wrong information pertaining to His death.  Most of us have been taught that Yahushua was crucified on Friday and was resurrected on Sunday morning.  We need to examine the Scriptures closely to see what they really do say about this.  Many have solved the dilemma by just stating that Yahushua never said He would be in the grave for three days and and three nights.  But the Biblical evidence is there showing that this is what He meant.

The first thing we need to examine is on what day was Yahushua crucified?  Let us start with John 13:1.  “Now BEFORE the feast of the Passover, when Yahushua knew that His hour was come that He should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved His own which were in the world, He loved them unto the end" (emphasis added).  The language used in this verse cannot be misunderstood.  It was “before the feast of the Passover." 

The entire scenario which then takes place in John chapters 13-19 takes place before the Passover which includes the “last supper" and the crucifixion.  Most have assumed that the last supper took place on the feast of the Passover, but as John 13:1 tells us, it is before the Passover.  In most cases where we find ourselves in error, it is because certain things have been assumed to be correct that we have been taught and have not been closely examined to see if it is what the Scriptures actually are saying to us.

In John 19:14 we read:  “And it was the preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour:  and He saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!" (emphasis added).  It was “the preparation of the Passover."  It was not the preparation day for the seventh day Sabbath.  It was the preparation day for the Passover.

On what day was the Passover?  “In the fourteenth day of the first month at even [sunset] is Yahuwah’s Passover” (Leviticus 23:5).

The Passover was the feast day that commemorated the Passover when the Angel of Yahuwah passed over the homes of the Israelites on the night before they left Egypt.  It was the only feast day that was to be observed during the night hours.  “At even is Yahuwah’s Passover."  “It is a night to be much observed unto Yahuwah for bringing them out from the land of Egypt:  this is that night of Yahuwah to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.  And Yahuwah said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Passover" (Exodus 12:42-43, emphasis added).  It was to be observed during the evening hours (or night time hours after sunset) of the fourteenth day of the first month.  A Biblical day begins at sunset and ends at the following sunset.

The Passover lamb was to eaten during those night hours.  We are told in Exodus 12:6, “And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month:  and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.”  Do you think they killed it after the sunset or before the sunset?  They would not only have to kill it, but they would have to drain the blood, skin it, clean it, and cut it up, and then cook it.  It is my opinion that all this was done before the sunset "in the evening."  Remember they did not have the modern conveniences which we have.  When it was nighttime it was dark except for the dim light of torches.   And most importantly the Passover was a High Sabbath on which no work was to be done.  It seems to me that killing it, skinning it, cleaning it, cutting it up, and cooking it would be a great violation of how the Sabbaths including the High Sabbaths (John 19:31) were to be kept. "But at the place which Yahuwah thy Elohim shall choose to place His name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt" (Deuteronomy 16:6).  "At even, at the going down of the sun." The sun had not set when the passover was slain.  Yahushua having died at the ninth hour, I would not doubt that it was the ninth hour that the passover was slain in preparation for the Passover.

In John 19:14 where it reads “it was the preparation of the Passover," the Lamb of Elohim was nailed to the cross “about the sixth hour” and died “the ninth hour” (Matthew 27:45-46). Yahushua, the Passover Lamb of Elohim, was killed before the Passover which began at sunset. The Jewish authorities were determined that Yahushua was not going to be slain on the Passover. "Then assempled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and consulted that they might take Yahushua by subtilty, and kill Him.  But they said, Not on the feast day [Passover], lest there be an uproar among the people" (Matthew 26:3-5).

“The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation [preparation for the Passover], that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day, (for that Sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away” (John19:31).  Remember from what we read in John 19:14 “it was the preparation of the Passover."  Every feast day was also referred to as a Sabbath day and also “an high day."  The Jews did not want the body of Yahushua remaining on the cross during the hours of the Passover which was to begin in just a few short hours.

In John 18:28 we read:  “Then led they Yahushua from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover [They had not eaten the Passovewr yet because it was not the Passover yet.]" (emphasis added).  This took place after they had captured Yahushua in the Garden of Gethsemane.  “It was early" in the morning when they did this.  They would not go into “the judgment hall, lest they be defiled."  If they had been defiled they “might not eat the Passover."  The Passover had not yet taken place.  It was to be observed that night at sunset and had not yet occurred.  It was the “preparation day of the Passover” which would have made it the thirteenth day of the Biblical month because the Passover took place “at even” at sunset when “the fourteenth day of the first month” began (Leviticus 23:5).  For those of you reading this that go by the pagan Gregorian calendar it would have been on Thursday and not on Friday.

The day after the Passover was the fifteenth, and we are told in Leviticus 23:6:  “And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Yahuwah: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread."  For those of you reading this and are familiar with the lunar-solar calendar, you will realize that this is also the second Sabbath of the first lunation (month). 

Going down to Leviticus 23:11 we read:  “And he shall wave the sheaf before Yahuwah, to be accepted for you:  on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it." Again for those of you using the pagan Gregorian calendar “the morrow after the Sabbath” would be Sunday.  For those of you using the lunar-solar calendar it is the sixteenth day of the first lunation.

“The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark [before sunrise], unto the sepulcher, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulcher” (John 20:1, emphasis added).

It was still dark, before sunrise, when Mary arrived at the sepulcher, and it was the first day of the week.

“Then the same day at evening [before sunset], being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Yahushua and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you” (John 20:19, emphasis added).  You will notice that when Yahushua appeared unto the disciples it was still “the first day of the week” “at evening” before sunset. 

It was the first day of the week when Mary came to the tomb before sunrise, and it was still the first day of the week when Yahushua appeared to the disciples “at evening” before sunset.  I believe “at evening” was before the sun had set.  Thus meaning a Biblical day of the week was considered from sunset to sunset.  There has been much confusion brought to this subject, and it should be seen from this scenario given in John 20:1, 19 that a Biblical day is from sunset to sunset.

In Nehemiah 13:19 we read this account.  “And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the Sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the Sabbath” (emphasis added).  The gates began to darken towards the sunset of the day; they did not become lightened which would have taken place had the Sabbath begun at the sunrise.

So Yahushua had told the scribes and Pharisees that He would be in the grave for three days and three nights.  Let us now apply what we have just read from the Biblical scenario to the following charts.

This is how it looks when we use the Passover, the 14th or Friday, as the starting point.

 

Biblical Days of the Month

Gregorian Weekdays

Scripture References

Nights (Sunset to sunrise)

Days(Sunrise to sunset)

Passover – 14th day of the first month

Friday

Leviticus 23:5

Ninth hour crucified and put in the grave – Matthew 27:46-50

1st day in the grave

Sabbath (first day of unleavened bread) – 15th day of the first month

Saturday

Leviticus 23:6

1st night in the grave

2nd day in the grave

1st day of the week - wave sheaf offering  - 16th day of the first month

Sunday

Leviticus 23:7, 11

2nd night in the grave - resurrected before sunrise (John 20:1)

 

 

You see from using the Passover day (the 14th day) as Friday for when the crucifixion took place there are only two days and two nights in the grave.

The following is how it looks when we use the preparation day for the Passover (John 19:14), the 13th or Thursday, as our starting point of when the crucifixion took place.

 

Biblical Days of the Month

Gregorian Weekdays

Scripture References

Nights (Sunset to sunrise)

Days(Sunrise to sunset)

Preparation day of the Passover  – 13th day of the first month

 

Thursday

John  19:14

 

Ninth hour crucified and put in the grave – Matthew 27:46-50

1st day in the grave

Passover – 14th day of the first month

Friday

Leviticus 23:5

1st night in the grave

2nd day in the grave

Sabbath (first day of unleavened bread) – 15th day of the first month

Saturday

Leviticus 23:6

2nd night in the grave

3rd day in the grave

1st day of the week  -  wave sheaf offering - 16th day of the month

Sunday

Leviticus 23:7, 11

3rd night in the grave - resurrected before sunrise (John 20:1)

 

You can see when we use this data to lay out the final scenario of the crucifixion and resurrection, we have three days and three nights in the tomb as Yahushua said there would be in Matthew 12:38-40. 

Other Gospels have scenarios and timelines which seem to be contrary to what you will find in the Gospel of John.   However when you take the words of Yahushua pertaining to the three days and three nights in “the heart of the earth” (Matthew 12:40), I believe you will find John’s scenario to be accurate. 

In the Gospel of Matthew, we find these words spoken by the priests, scribes and elders:  "Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and consulted that they might take Yahushua by subtilty, and kill Him.  But they said, Not on the feast day [Passover]), lest there be an uproar among the people"  (Matthew 26:3-5, emphasis added).  They were not going to crucify Yahushua on the Feast of the Passover.  They killed Him on "the preparation day of the Passover" (John 19:14) and not on the preparation day for the Sabbath.

In the Gospel of Mark we find that statement confirmed in his Gospel.  "After two days was the feast of the Passover, and of unleavened bread:  and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take Him by craft, and put Him to death.  But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people" (Mark 14:1-2, emphasis added).

The priests and scribes and elders were emphatic that Yahushua was not going to be killed on the Feast of the Passover, if they had they their say about it which they did.

In the Gospel of John we find these words:  "Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again" (Matthew 27:62-66).  Let us just for the moment suppose that Yahushua was killed on the 14th of the first month or on the Passover, and it was the preparation day for the weekly Sabbath.  The day following the preparation day would have been the weekly Sabbath.  Do you really think that the Jews would have gone to Pilate on the Sabbath to obtain a watch over the grave?  They would have never entered a Gentile's residence on the Sabbath.

The "next day following the day of preparation" as found in Matthew 27:62 was the day of preparation for the Sabbath.  The day time hours of the fourteenth were not sacred hours, for the Passover was to be observed during the night time hours of the fourteenth day of the first month which preceeded the daytime hours of the fourteenth. (Exodus 12:42-43; Leviticus 23:5). If what Matthew was saying in 27:62 referred to the Sabbath as the "next day following," the Jews would have defiled themselves and would not be keeping the Sabbath.  That was why they would not kill Yahushua on the Passover (Matthew 26:3-5, Mark 14:1-2).  Only the night time hours were to be observed as the Passover.  "It is a night to be much observed unto Yahuwah for bringing them out from the land Egypt:  this is that night of Yahuwah to be observed" (Exodus 12:42, emphasis added).  The day following the day of preparation for the Passover was the preparation day for the Sabbath.

As in all cases when something new is presented to you, we encourage you to study this out for yourself as we are counseled to do in the Scriptures (John 5:39; Acts 17:11; 2 Timothy 2:15).

There is one more scenario being promoted today.  It is one that says that Yahushua was crucified on Wednesday (the 12th by the Biblical Calendar) and was resurrected Sunday (the 16th by the Biblical Calendar).  Their contention is that He spent three full days and three full nights in the tomb.  The problem with that scenario is that He would have been in the tomg for a partial fourth day, and we know from the resurrection of Lazarus that he had begun to decay or was corrupting because they said "Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he had been dead four days" (John 11:39).

Just as it was foretold that Yahushua would not have any blemish or be broken so it was foretold that He would not see corruption.  "Thou wilt not leave My soul in hell [the grave]; neither wilt Thou suffer Thine Holy One to see corruption" (Psalm 16:10).  A Wednesday crucifixion does not meet this condition as foretold in this prophecy.