Elohim (The Supreme Being) - The Father
As we begin our study on the subject of the Deity, we would like to, first of all, see what the Bible has to say about Yahuwah or Elohim, the Father.
The Father is the Eternal or Everlasting Elohim (The Supreme Being)
Yahuwah or the Father is the eternal Elohim (The Supreme Being) . . . without beginning or ending. He owes His existence to no one. He is Yahuwah - THE ETERNAL, SELF-EXISTENT ONE (not two or three, but One).
“And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of Yahuwah, the everlasting Elohim” (Gen. 21:33).
“Yahuwah, Thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art Elohim” (Ps. 90:1-2).
“Hast thou not known? Hast thou not heard, that the everlasting Elohim, Yahuwah, the Creator of the ends of the earth, faints not, neither is weary? There is no searching out of His understanding” (Isa. 40:28).
“For thus saith the High and Lofty One [not three] that inhabits eternity, Whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit” (Isa. 57:15). Notice the Bible speaks of “the high and lofty One” . . . not the three . . . Who inhabits eternity. There is only One Being Who has inhabited eternity, and that is Yahuwah, the Father.
“Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the ONLY wise Elohim, be honor and glory for ever and ever” (1 Tim. 1:17). Only the Father is eternal and immortal!
The Father is the Only True Elohim
Yahushua, as He prayed in John chapter seventeen, recognized His Heavenly Father as the ONLY TRUE ELOHIM. This is an extremely important Scripture in identifying WHO the True Elohim (The Supreme Being) is.
“These words spoke Yahushua, and lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify Thy Son, that Thy Son also may glorify Thee . . . and this is life eternal, that they might know Thee the ONLY TRUE ELOHIM [God], and Yahushua Messiah, Whom Thou hast sent” (John 17:1-3). Here Yahushua acknowledges His Father as the ONLY TRUE ELOHIM. Can we accept Yahushua's own testimony on this matter? If we cannot accept the testimony of Yahushua, whose testimony will we receive?
“But to us there is but ONE ELOHIM, THE FATHER, of Whom are all things, and we in Him; and one Master Yahushua Messiah, by Whom are all things, and we by Him” (1 Cor. 8:6).
There is ONLY ONE ETERNAL ELOHIM, and that is the FATHER.
Elohim, the Father, is the source of everything – “of Whom are all things." Yahushua was the agent He used in the work of creation – “by Whom are all things." “Elohim . . . created all things by Yahushua Messiah” (Eph. 3:9). Yahushua was the agent . . . but He used Elohim’s power in doing the creative work. Therefore Yahuwah is the Creator, as Isaiah 40:28 states, because it was by His power that all things were brought into existence.
"Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, the everlasting Elohim, Yahuwah, the Creator of the ends of the earth, faints not, neither is weary? there is no searching of His understanding" (Isa. 40:28).
Many Scriptures state the true Elohim (The Supreme Being) is the Father . . .
“One Elohim and Father of all, Who is above all, and through all, and in you all” (Eph. 4:6). Who is in us? We will address that later.
“Blessed be Elohim, even the Father of our Master Yahushua Messiah, the Father of mercies, and the Elohim of all comfort” (2 Cor. 1:3).
“Therewith bless we Elohim, even the Father” (Jam. 3:9).
“That the Elohim of our Master Yahushua Messiah, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him” (Eph. 1:17).
“Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from Elohim the Father, and from the Master Yahushua Messiah, the Son of the Father” (2 John 3). From this verse, we see the Father and Master Yahushua Messiah are two separate Beings, as we have seen in others also.
All the above Scriptures clearly affirm the true Elohim is the Father, and He is also "the Father of our Master Yahushua Messiah." Yahushua has an Elohim (The Supreme Being - God) Who also is His Father. When I first began to understand these subjects, it became apparent I had assumed many things because that is what I had been taught. I had failed to study these subjects for myself under the guidance of the Holy Spirit of Elohim. When I began to study for myself under the guidance of the Spirit of Elohim (Isa. 63:10, 11, and 14), only then could I begin to understand the Deity correctly. “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in Elohim, Who created all things by Yahushua Messiah” (Eph. 3:9). Yahushua was the Being using Elohim's power in doing the creative work. “Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the Everlasting Elohim, Yahuwah, the Creator of the ends of the earth, faints not, neither is weary? There is no searching of His understanding” (Isa. 40:28).
“Yahushua saith unto her [Mary], Touch Me not; for I am not yet ascended to My Father: but go to the brethren, and say unto them, I ascend to My Father, and to your Father; and to My Elohim [The Supreme Being - God], and your Elohim [The Supreme Being - God]” (John 20:17).
The Father is the Almighty Elohim
Yahuwah or Elohim, the Father, is the only SUPREME Being. He has no rival or equal . . . for there is only ONE ALMIGHTY ELOHIM.
“And when Abram was ninety and nine, Yahuwah appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty Elohim; walk before Me [not us], and be thou perfect” (Gen. 17:1).
“That men may know that Thou, Whose name alone is YAHUWAH [the Eternal, Self-Existent One], art the MOST HIGH OVER ALL THE EARTH” (Ps. 83:18).
“And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, YAHUWAH ELOHIM ALMIGHTY, which was, and is, and is to come” (Rev. 4:8). It is Yahuwah Who is speaking in Revelation 1:8. "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith Yahuwah, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty."
Yahushua is not the Almighty Elohim . . . the Most High . . . rather, He is the “SON OF THE HIGHEST."
“And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call His name YAHUSHUA. He shall be great, and shall be called the SON OF THE HIGHEST: and Yahuwah Elohim shall give unto Him the throne of His father David [That throne as we shall see was a temporary throne as was David’s. (1 Cor. 15:28)]: and He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of His kingdom there shall be no end” (Luke 1:31-33).
“And the angel answered and said unto her [Mary], the HOLY GHOST [Spirit] shall come upon thee, and the power of the HIGHEST [Yahuwah's Spirit] shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the SON OF ELOHIM" (Luke 1:35).
There are TWO entities spoken of in these Scriptures. Yahuwah . . . the Highest . . . the Almighty . . . and Yahushua, Who is the Son of the Highest. Yahushua is not the Almighty . . . but He is the Son of the Almighty Elohim. The Holy Spirit, as described in this verse, is described as “the power of the HIGHEST." More on this will follow in a succeeding chapter.
The Father is Supreme Over All . . . Including the Son
“My Father, which gave them Me, is GREATER THAN ALL” (John 10:29).
“My Father is Greater than I” (John 14:28).
These are the words of Yahushua Himself. Whose word can we trust more than His?
“One Elohim and Father of all, Who is ABOVE ALL (including Yahushua)” (Eph. 4:6).
“The Head of Messiah is Elohim” (1 Cor. 11:3).
Yahuwah is a Single, Solitary Being . . . Not One Elohim in Three Beings, But One Elohim in One Being
As we are seeing so far, there appears to be what is called monotheism being taught in Scripture. There is Only One True Elohim. Yahushua acknowledged His Father to be “The Only One True Elohim” (John 17:3). He also acknowledged Him to be the Supreme Being, and He is ONE . . . not two or three!
“And Yahushua answered him, The first of all commandments is, Hear, O Israel; Yahuwah our Elohim is ONE [not two or three] LORD: And thou shall love Yahuwah thy Elohim with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: . . . And the scribe said unto Him, Well, Master, Thou hast said the truth: FOR THERE IS ONE ELOHIM; AND THERE IS NONE OTHER BUT HE” (Mark 12:29-32). Do you not think Yahushua would have corrected him if he had answered incorrectly? Yahushua was directing the people to the worship of His Father, Yahuwah.
“But the hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship Him” (John 4:23).
There are many Scriptures in both the Old and New Testament that show Elohim is not a compound Being . . . He is a SINGLE BEING . . . ONE ELOHIM IN ONE BEING.
“Hear, O Israel: Yahuwah our Elohim is ONE LORD” (Deut. 6:4). Yahushua, in talking with the scribe, quoted this Old Testament Scripture (Mark 12:29). And the scribe, in turn, affirmed that “there is ONE Elohim” . . . a single Being. So from this, can we not conclude Yahushua taught the monotheism of the Old Testament? He did not teach that Elohim was a compound being.
“For there is ONE Elohim, and one mediator between Elohim and men, the man Messiah Yahushua” (1 Tim. 2:5).
“Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but Elohim is ONE” (Gal. 3:20). There are always at least two parties when a mediator is involved.
“Thou believest that there is ONE Elohim; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble” (Jam. 2:19). If you believe there is more than one Elohim (God), then you do not believe what the Bible teaches.
The devils believe there is only “ONE Elohim," but they do not acknowledge Yahushua to be that one true Elohim. Rather they acknowledge Him to be the “Son of the Most High Elohim."
“And when he [the man possessed of a legion of demons] saw Yahushua, he cried out, and fell down before Him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with Thee [the evil spirit speaking], Yahushua, Thou Son of Elohim MOST HIGH? [or Son of the Most High Elohim Amplified Version]. For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man” (Luke 8:28-29 and also Mark 3:11).
Several Old Testament Scriptures clearly affirm that Yahuwah is a SINGLE Being . . . not a compound Being as Trinitarians teach.
“O Yahuwah of hosts, Elohim of Israel, that dwells between the cherubim, THOU ART ELOHIM, EVEN THOU ALONE, of all the kingdoms of the earth: Thou hast made heaven and earth” (Isa. 37:16).
“And Hezekiah prayed before Yahuwah, and said, O Yahuwah Elohim of Israel, which dwells between the cherubim, Thou art Elohim, even Thou ALONE, of all the kingdoms of the earth; Thou hast made heaven and earth” (2 Kings 19:15).
“Thou art great, and doest wondrous things: Thou art Elohim ALONE” (Ps. 86:10).
“Thou, even THOU, ART ELOHIM ALONE” (Neh. 9:6).
“You are My witnesses, saith Yahuwah, and My servant whom I have chosen: that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I AM HE [not We]: BEFORE ME THERE WAS NO ELOHIM FORMED, NEITHER SHALL THERE BE AFTER ME. I, EVEN I, AM YAHUWAH; and beside Me there is no savior. I have declared, and have saved, and I have showed, when there was no strange god among you: therefore you are My witnesses, saith Yahuwah, THAT I AM ELOHIM [The Supreme Being]” (Isa. 43:10-12).
“Thus saith Yahuwah the King of Israel, and His redeemer Yahuwah of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and BESIDE ME THERE IS NO ELOHIM” (Isa. 44:6). See Isaiah 45:5-6 also.
These Scriptures are NOT to be used to deny that Yahuwah had a Son with Him by His side . . . Whom He used as His agent in creation (Gen. 1:26). These Scriptures simply emphasize the fact Israel was NOT to worship a multiplicity of gods . . . they were to worship ONLY ONE SUPREME BEING . . . YAHUWAH. But this eternal Elohim had a Son. Notice what Proverbs 30:4 says: “What is His [God’s – Elohim’s] name [Yahuwah], and what is His Son’s name [Yahushua], if thou canst tell?” Also, Elohim’s pre-existent but not eternal Son “was daily His delight, rejoicing always before Him” (Prov. 8:30).
The term “Elohim,” translated as “God” from the Hebrew Scriptures, is a plural word. Some Bible teachers appeal to this as proof that Elohim is a compound being. This word is what some refer to as an “intensive plural” or the “plural majesty” and simply denotes the totality of Elohim’s majesty and power as well as His many other attributes. It does not mean Elohim is a compound being. All the ancient Hebrew scholars explained the plurality of the word “Elohim” in this way. The word "Elohim" is the plural of El. The name "Elohim" is unique in Hebraic thinking - it occurs only in Hebrew and not in any other Semitic language. The masculine, plural ending does not mean "gods" when referring to the true God of Israel, since the name is mainly used with singular verb forms and adjectives and pronouns in the singular (e.g. see Gen. 1:26).
The Father Has Inherent Immortality
Only Yahuwah originally and inherently possesses immortality. Immortality means “NOT SUBJECT TO DEATH." Yahuwah has life within Himself. He does not depend on any outside life support system. Death is an impossibility with Him . . . He is exempt from every kind of death.
“The Father has life in Himself” (John 5:26).
“Now unto the King eternal [Yahuwah], immortal, invisible, the only wise Elohim, be honor and glory forever and ever” (1 Tim. 1:17).
“WHO ONLY HATH IMMORTALITY [‘in the sense of exemption from every kind of death’ Amplified Version], dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to Whom be honor and power everlasting” (1 Tim. 6:16).
Yahuwah, or the Father, has always possessed immortality as an inherent part of His nature. Yahushua, Elohim’s Son, did not receive immortality until after His resurrection from the dead . . . otherwise, He could not have died as our redeeming sacrifice. The Scriptures tell us Yahushua “poured out His soul unto death” (Isa. 53:12). He was not an immortal Being until after His resurrection.
“Knowing that Messiah being raised from the dead dies no more; death hath no more dominion over Him” (Rom. 6:9). It did prior to His death.
“I am He that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore” (Rev. 1:18). He now has immortality!
TODAY . . . there are TWO immortal Beings . . . Yahuwah and His Son, Yahushua Messiah. When Yahushua returns and the “trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall [have] put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory” (1 Cor. 15:52-54). Thus making Yahushua “the firstborn among many brethren” (Rom. 8:29).
The Father is the Invisible Elohim
The Father has chosen to remain invisible to the human family . . . He is the invisible Elohim. There is a good reason for this.
“NO MAN HATH SEEN ELOHIM AT ANY TIME; the only begotten Son, Which is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared [or revealed] Him” (John 1:18).
“And the Father Himself, which hath sent Me, hath borne witness of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His shape” (John 5:37).
“Who (Yahushua) is the image of the invisible Elohim” (Col. 1:15).
“No man hath seen Elohim at any time” (1 John 4:12).
“If any man say, I love Elohim, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for he that loves not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love Elohim Whom he hath not seen?” (1 John 4:20).
“Thou canst not see My face; for there shall no man see me, and live” (Ex. 33:20). This is the statement of Yahuwah Himself. Remember . . . He hid Moses in the cleft of the rock and covered him with His hand while He passed by. When Moses came out, he was only permitted to see Elohim’s “back parts” (Ex. 33:22-23).
In the above Scriptures, Yahushua, John, and Paul clearly state no man hath seen Elohim. Yet the beloved disciple had seen Yahushua . . . even leaned on His bosom at the Passover supper . . . but he had never seen the Almighty Elohim. Again, this clearly shows a distinct difference between Yahuwah, the invisible Elohim, and Yahushua, His Son.
Elohim has never been seen by man, but He has been seen by the angels. “That their angels do always behold the face of My Father which is in heaven” (Matt. 18:10). Where is Elohim? In heaven. He is not in the tree, in the bush, in me. The belief that Elohim is in everything is referred to as pantheism. Even though He is invisible to us, His face is seen by the angels in spite of what it says in John 4:24. “Elohim IS A SPIRIT.”
Even though He is a Spirit, we know He is like us in form, for “Elohim said, Let Us make man in Our image after Our likeness” (Gen. 1:26). In spite of neither having “heard His voice at any time, nor seen His shape” (John 5:37) we do know He looks like our physical appearance. But Psalm 139:7 says: “Wither shall I go from Thy Spirit? Or wither shall I flee from Thy presence?” It is by His Spirit (ruach) (Holy Spirit) He can be present everywhere, and He can dwell in us. We will be studying about the Holy Spirit in chapter four of this series.
Some things will remain a mystery to us while we dwell on this earth, which will someday be made clear to our understanding. “For now we see through a glass darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known” (1 Cor. 13:12, emphasis added). Someday, Elohim will make all things clear to our understanding when we are face to face with Him (Rev. 21:3-4). For now, we can know Elohim is a Spirit and sits upon the throne in the third heaven from which He rules the Universe.
“Saying with a loud voice, Fear Elohim, and give glory to Him [not Them]; for the hour of His [not Their] judgment is come: and worship Him [not Them] that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters” (Rev. 14:7).