The New Moon
We are called to worship Elohim in Revelation 14:7. "And worship Him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water." When shall we worship Yahuwah? Does it really matter to Elohim, the Creator "of heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water" when we come to worship Him? In order for us to find that answer we need to zoom into the future to see when those will worship Him in the earth made new and back to the past to see when they came to worship Elohim, the Creator, "of heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water." Elohim is "the same yesterday, today, and forever" (Hebrews 13:8). Elohim is constant and stable. He changes not (Malachi 3:6). He is not one way today and completely different tomorrow. By looking at the future and when people will come to worship Him and to the past and when people came to worship Him, we should be able to come to the proper understanding of when to worship Him today. Shouldn’t we?
If you will take time to look at the context for Isaiah 66:23, you will see we are talking about the future. "And it shall come to pass that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith Yahuwah." Is this when you are worshipping Yahuwah at the present? Are you coming to worship before Elohim on the "new moon" and the "sabbath?" Why not? So that is what is pictured in the future. Right? So what about the past? When did Elohim’s "people" come to worship Him in the past? Does the Bible tell us? We are dealing only when we are to worship Elohim in this study. Not how and not where. "Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before Yahuwah in the sabbath and in the new moons" (Ezekiel 46:3).
The following verse emphasizes the importance of the "new moon" and the "Sabbath" and what was to be done on those days. "Thus saith Yahuwah Elohim; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened" (Ezekiel 46:1). So on both of those days the inner court was opened.
Which has more significance; the "new moon" or the "sabbath?" How would we know? or are they of equal importance? Consider what the following verses are saying. "And the burnt offering that the prince shall offer unto Yahuwah in the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish" (Ezekiel 46:4, emphasis added). "And in the day of the new moon it shall be a young bullock without blemish, and six lambs and a ram they shall be without blemish" (Ezekiel 46:6, emphasis added). What do you think? How much more valuable was a young bullock? Do you suppose Elohim places more value on the "new moon" by asking for a greater offering on this day? What do you think?
I hope you are giving it some thought to what you are reading. How and when we worship Elohim has real implications which are of a lasting nature. Soon we will be given a choice of either worshipping Elohim, the Creator of the Universe, by following His plan of worship and possibly suffering the consequences for that decision or to worship the beast and suffer the consequences of that decision. (See Revelation 14:9-10)
There have been major attempts to debunk Lunar - Solar Sabbath keepers. My question to all of you reading this article is what does one do with all the Biblical evidence in support of coming to worship before the Creator on the "new moon" days? both in the Old Testament and to what we will be doing in the earth made new?
The following verses are listed here to show you that this is not some obscure teaching that is new, but it is something that was lost in the past and which Elohim has been trying to bring to the world’s attention for the past 80+ years. What others have done with it when it came to their attention does not concern me, but it does concern me when it is going to be a subject of major contention in the not too distant future and is going to be an issue of loyalty or disloyalty to the Creator.
The following verses contain/reveal the importance of observing the Sabbath, and the new moons, and the feast days marked out in Leviticus Chapter 23. "And it shall be the prince’s part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the Sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel . . . Thus saith Yahuwah Elohim; In the first month, in the first day of the month, (a new moon day) thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary:" (Ezekiel 45:17-18).
"Then Solomon offered burnt offerings unto Yahuwah on the altar of Yahuwah, which he had built before the porch, even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles" (2 Chronicles 8:12-13).
"He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the Sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feast, as it is written in the law of Yahuwah" (2 Chronicles 31:3).
"And for the continual showbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of Yahuwah our Elohim. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel" (2 Chronicles 2:4).
"And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto Yahuwah in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before Yahuwah" (1 Chronicles 23:31).
When it comes to what most Christians do in observing what is found in the Bible, I find most use the smorgasbord method. They think that they have the right to pick and choose what they will follow. But Yahushua had a different take on it. "Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Elohim" (Matthew 4:4). And He was quoting what had been written in Deuteronomy 8:3.
If Elohim "appointed the moon for seasons [mow'ed];" as stated in Psalm 104:19, and as it is contended that it is not for determining the sabbaths, then what is it appointed for? If you say the feasts [mow'ed], then how is the sabbath not included when it is the first feast day mentioned? See Leviticus 23:3. If Elohim put the sabbath days together with the annual feast days then what gives man the right to separate them from the yearly feast days? "What therefore Elohim has joined together, let no man put asunder" (Matthew 19:6). Who do they think they are in doing this? Elohim? If Elohim joined the weekly feast days with the yearly feast days, then what right does man have in saying that the weekly feast day is not determined by the new moon when most accept the fact that the yearly feast days are determined by the new moon? The fact many do not want to acknowledge this truth is because it is an "inconvient truth" which they do not want to observe because it will bring about changes that most are insecure with.
The "new moon" day was called by the children of Israel a solemn feast day. "Blow the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day, for this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the Elohim of Jacob" (Psalm 81:3-4). The two silver trumpets (Numbers 10:2) were to be blown "in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months" (Numbers 10:10, emphasis added).
The statutes and judgments and commandments of Elohim were to be observed by Israel as a condition by which they were to remain in possession of the land that Elohim had given them. If they violated those statutes and judgments and commandments Elohim would drive them from the land which He eventually did. As you can tell from the following verse, they violated this part of the covenant made with Elohim. "Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, saying when will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? And the sabbath that we may set forth wheat" (Amos 8:5). Elohim had put the same restrictions on the new moon day as He had on the sabbaths and Israel violated both. As a result Elohim promised them that they would reap what they had sown. "I will cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts" (Hosea 2: 11).
Their religion had become mere rituals which they observed without their heart and soul being in it, and Elohim could tell it. He referred to this when He told Israel "Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto Me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts My soul hateth, they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them" (Isaiah 1:13-14).
Elohim calls for those who will worship Him to do so "in Spirit and in Truth" (John 4:24). I once heard a black preacher say, "I thought that you white folk never got excited and then I went to a football game." If one does not get excited about his relationship with the Creator of the Universe, one should re-examine that relationship. What kind of a relationship do you and your mate have if you are not excited about each other? Has your relationship with the Creator become stagnant? What is the remedy?
Paul told the believers in Colosse to "let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days (italicized meaning it is supplied in the Greek): which are a shadow of things to come:" (Colossians 2:16-17). These were not done away with, for the word "are" means they are still relevant and will have significance in the future.
When Paul was talking to the church at Galatia, he was addressing believers who had come out of paganism and had observed the pagan holy days when he said, "Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in vain" (Galatians 4:10-11). He saw them going back to their old ways of life observing pagan holidays. Does it not concern us with more and more of Christianity observing the pagan holidays [certainly are not holy days] of Christmas, Easter, Lent, Halloween and St. Valentine’s Day, etc. which have absolutely no authority from the Word of Elohim; while the Feast Days commanded by Elohim to be observed on prescribed days such as Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Feast of Tabernacles receive less and less observance and attention by the Christian community. What is wrong with that picture? Have we changed gods and do not even know it? We are called to come out of Babylon (Revelation 18:2-4), but most of us don’t even know or even care to know what Babylon is.
So what is with this "new moon" thing anyway? It is the primary instrument in determining the Creator’s calendar. Let’s see how it works. "And Jonathan said to David, Tomorrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty" (1 Samuel 20:18). "So David hid himself in the field and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat . . . and David’s place was empty" (1 Samuel 20:24-25). "And it came to pass on the morrow which was the second day of the month" (1 Samuel 20:27).
The new moon was the first day of the month and determined the following days in numeric sequence. Each new moon determined the beginning of a new month. It also determines as brought out in Leviticus 23:3 when the Sabbath will occur. The Sabbaths always occur on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th days of the lunar-solar month according to the Creator’s calendar and not the pagan Gregorian calendar which pays no attention to the moon in determining the monthly cycle. In Luke 6:1 we read: "And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that He went through the fields" (emphasis added). Luke is telling us that the second sabbath which was the 15th was when this event in the life of Yahushua occurred. Please, this article is not meant to go into the details of how the Creator’s calendar works. It is only to show you that the new moon is a part, an extremely vital part, of the Creator’s calendar and will be observed throughout eternity and was observed by Israel, even as far back as Noah in the Old Testament. See Genesis 7:11, 8:4-5. For How the Lunar - Solar Calendar Works click on the shaded area.
There are approximately 200 verses in the Old Testament which use lunar-solar language for dating purposes. Just one example of this is "And it came to pass in the 601st year, in the first month, the first day of the month …. And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried" (Genesis 8:13-14).
Throughout the Old Testament, the language of the lunar-solar calendar is used. The moon is an extremely accurate time piece, and when each new moon will arrive can be determined in advance and when each new moon had arrived in the past can be accurately determined. And it is what the Creator set up in the beginning to keep time for mankind. "And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven . . . let them be for signs, and for seasons [mow'ed is the same Hebraic word used in the Leviticus chapter 23 for 'feasts'] and for days and years" (Genesis 1:14). The moon is specifically pointed out to be the heavenly body that determines the seasons (mow'ed). "He [Elohim] appointed the moon for seasons [mow'ed]. At the time of Creation the only mow'ed that was in existence was the weekly Sabbath.
It is ridiculous to believe that while the Jews were using the lunar-solar calendar to keep track of time, they had in their back pocket a seven day uninterrupted calendar from Creation which has never been lost track of. How would they have kept track of the days while in Noah’s ark? There is not one Biblical statement validating the assumption that the seven day weekly cycle was uninterrupted. See the history of our modern paganistic Gregorian calendar, and you will find it only goes back to the 1st century B.C. and was originally an 8 day cycle. There are records of this to prove that point. How is it possible to know when the seventh day from Creation is when you consider what was done in AD 1582?
"To get the calendar back in sync with astronomical events like the vernal equinox or the winter solstice, a number of days were dropped.
"The papal bull issued by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582, decreed that 10 days be dropped when switching to the Gregorian Calendar. However, the later the switch occurred, the more days had to be omitted. (See table below).
"This created short months with only 18 days and odd dates like February 30 during the year of the change over.
"In North America the month of September 1752 was exeptionally short skipping 11 days."
From Wikipedia "Change from Julian to Gregorian Calendar"
Daniel 7:25 tells us the "little horn" (Daniel 7:8) will "think to change times and laws" (Daniel 7:25). We know that he changed the Ten Commandments when he removed the 2nd Commandment and divided the tenth to keep the number at ten. Most catechisms which list the Ten Commandments still have that change incorporated. Compare it to the law given at Mt. Sinai (Exodus 20:2-17). But how did the little horn successfully change the "times?" By forbidding the calendation using the lunar-solar system and setting up his own calendar which has come down to our time as the present day Gregorian solar calendar. Please, this has been just a brief article encouraging you to further study as to what Elohim wants His children to know and keep during these final episodes in earth’s history. "And the times of this ignorance Elohim winked at; but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent." (Acts 17:30) So if we are going to be worshipping Elohim in the future "from one new moon to another and from one sabbath to another" (Isaiah 66:23), and if His people in the Old Testament worshipped Him "from one new moon to another and from one sabbath to another" then when should we be worshipping Him today? That is the question you must answer for yourself. He will not force you into obeying Him but He expects you to study this out for yourself and follow the convictions He brings to you from His Word. The following are statements from Jewish sources that speak of the Lunar Solar Calendar.
“Under the reign of Constantius (337-362) the persecution of the Jews reached such a height that . . . the computation of the (Biblical) calendar was forbidden under pain of severe punishment.” The Jewish Encyclopedia, Calendar. “Sabbath and New Moon (Rosh Hodesh), both periodically recur in the course of the year. The New Moon is still, and the Sabbath originally was, dependent upon the lunar cycle (Biblical luni-solar calendar).” Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, p. 410
“The Sabbath, as marking the end of the week, reveals its lunar origin; the phases of the moon having taught . . . to divide the period elapsing between two new moons into four equal groups (weeks), the last day of each—in imitation of the moon’s coming to rest, as it were – becoming the day of rest. Indications are not wanting that at first the New Moon festival was not counted among the seven days of the week; but after 7 x 4 (=28) days had elapsed, one or two days were intercalated as New Moon days, whereupon a new cycle of four weeks began, so that the Sabbath was a movable festival. Later the week and the Sabbath became fixed. [4th century]; and this gradually resulted in taking away from the New Moon festival its popular importance.” Jewish Encyclopedia.com, By Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D., Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago
“In the fourth century, Hillel II established a fixed calendar . . ." Jewish Virtual Library, Jewish Calendar
“Declaring the new month by observation of the new moon, and the new year by the arrival of spring, can only be done by the Sanhedrin. In the time of Hillel II, the last President of the Sanhedrin, the Romans prohibited this practice. Hillel II was therefore forced to institute his fixed calendar, thus in effect giving the Sanhedrin’s advance approval to the calendars of all future years.” Torah.org, Judaism Site
Numerous historical statements similar to the ones above could have been added. From the evidence available, it appears that Hillel II excused the Jews from calculating their Sabbath days by the Biblical lunar-solar calendation method. Talmudic tradition teaches that if one does not know when the Sabbath occurs, all that is required is that a person observe one day in seven. Under this rabbinical tradition, where ignorance exists (The Sabbath was not lost track of through ignorance, but it was a deliberate changing of the calendar.), no law is broken. Thus, if knowledge of true calendation is lost (It was not lost; it was deliberately changed.), the Jews believe that worshiping on Saturday on a continuously fixed weekly cycle of the solar year, is acceptable. This was done under the urging of the Roman Catholic Church. But is this acceptable to Elohim? "I am Yahuwah, I change not" (Malachi 3:6).